The Society’s guiding principle has always been that conservation must be based on scientific research - a tradition exemplified by its late President, Dr. Sálim Ali. The research programmes over the past decades have helped Indian wildlife biology make the transition from exploration, big game and natural history, to rigorous field biology, conservation and restoration ecology studies, using modern methods of data collection and analysis.

Our scientists have been working in the protected and other sensitive natural areas with biodiversity and conservation potential of national and international significance. The main focus of the environmental research activities is to try to find out the solution by which man can share natural resources sustainably. These studies have provided crucial data for management and conservation of India’s rich biodiversity.

The research contributes mainly to identify, monitor and mitigate the adverse impact of unplanned nonsustainable developmental processes on our natural environment. This is being achieved by conducting research on indicator species of plants and mammals in sensitive natural habitats of the country. Studies on carrying capacity of the protected and non-protected areas have indicated crucial changes due to localised nonsustainable exploitation of the natural resources. It has been realised that healthy environment can play a crucial role in the long term sustainable development of the region, resulting in the upliftment of the local population. The BNHS research projects are designed to mitigate the adverse impact of developmental projects on eco-sensitive areas and help in the restoration of degraded environment.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, has recognised BNHS as the Regional Nodal Agency to co-ordinate the network of wildlife research in the western region of India, comprising the States of Maharashtra, Goa, Rajasthan and Gujarat. BNHS strongly believes in sustainable development in harmony with nature, for better living conditions of the masses. We feel this could only be achieved through unwasteful utilization of the natural resources, ecofriendly industries, long-term planned development and coexistence in nature. We, at the BNHS, are of the opinion that every person and institution should take up the cause of nature conservation in their own capacity. Every such action will have short term and long term positive effects, resulting in the conservation of natural resources for sustainable use.